Category:P2P Hierarchy Theory
Items to understand hierarchical vs non-hierarchical relations, from a 'p2p' point of view.
The Evolution of Hierarchy in the P2P Era
"1. There seem to be at least four degrees of cultural development, rooted in degrees of moral insight:
(1) autocratic cultures which define rights in a limited and oppressive way and there are no rights of political participation;
(2) narrow democratic cultures which practice political participation through representation, but have no or very limited participation of people in decision-making in all other realms, such as research, religion, education, industry etc.;
(3) wider democratic cultures which practice both political participation and varying degree of wider kinds of participation;
(4) commons p2p cultures in a libertarian and abundance-oriented global network with equipotential rights of participation of everyone in every field of human endeavor.”
2. These four degrees could be stated in terms of the relations between hierarchy, co-operation and autonomy.
(1) Hierarchy defines, controls and constrains co-operation and autonomy;
(2) Hierarchy empowers a measure of co-operation and autonomy in the political sphere only;
(3) Hierarchy empowers a measure of co-operation and autonomy in the political sphere and in varying degrees in other spheres;
(4) The sole role of hierarchy is in its spontaneous emergence in the initiation and continuous flowering of autonomy-in-co-operation in all spheres of human endeavor."
This idea that “everyone follows and everyone leads” is powerful because it captures the understanding that we are co-producers of our social realities. It is a reflection of the systemic nature of human relations: fluid, dynamic, reciprocal.
- Kathia Laszlo 
- Source: Stephen Downes
||Management||Leadership||That something else better that isn't management or leadership|
|Authority||Based upon title||Based upon earned trust||None; offers an example which may be followed or not|
|Questions||Questions are viewed as a threat to authority||Encourages questions to develop an ethical understanding||Asked frequently|
|The Framework||Procedural||Relational||Engaged and connected|
|Rules / Boundaries||Based upon conformity||Based upon an ethical, philosophical concept||Based on respect for others|
|Procedures||Standardized||Personalized||Adapted as needed|
|Innovation||Discouraged if it challenges the status quo||Provides a vision that inspires others||Secondary to creativity, freedom and exploration|
|Submission||Forced: based upon a fear||Voluntarily: submitting to another's strengths to protect one's weaknesses||There is no submission; exchanges are mutual and of mutual value|
|The Results||Behave externally but rebel internally (or when no one is looking)||Empathetic, ethical thinkers who want to do what is right||Cooperative environment populated by creative and expressive individuals who see respect for and service to others as the highest good|
- Kathia Laszlo: From Systems Thinking to Systems Being
- The Rise of Organizational Complexity, see: Y. Bar-Yam, Complexity rising: From human beings to human civilization, a complexity profile, Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS UNESCO Publishers, Oxford, UK, 2002); also NECSI Report 1997-12-01 (1997). 
- Brown, D.E. Hierarchy, History, and Human Nature (Kentucky: Kentucky University Press, 1988)
- Kent Flannery and Joyce Marcus’ The Creation of Inequality: How Our Prehistoric Ancestors Set the Stage for Monarchy, Slavery, and Empire (2012).
Pages in category "P2P Hierarchy Theory"
The following 183 pages are in this category, out of 183 total.