This category is for P2P business models. Articles should emphasize P2P dynamics.
Open Business Models (in general)
Read: Open vs Closed Platforms as Business Choice.From a dialogue between Jonathan Zittrain, a professor of Internet law at Harvard Law School, and Mark VandenBrink, who leads Frog Design, conducted by Mr. Sherr and Mr. Totty. 
- A recent overview by Lars Zimmerman: Business Models for Open Source Hardware & Open Design
- Open Business ; Open Business Models
- Commons-Based Business Models ; Business Models for the Commons
- Online mindmap overview by Robin Good: Online Business and Monetization Models
- Cultural Flatrate
- User-Generated Content - Business Models
- Open Content Business Models
See also this overview of Open Content Business Models:
- Stephen Downes, 2007: Economics in a DRM-Free World]] 
- Mindmap of open art and culture business models, by Lionel Maurel, in French
- Who pays the designer? Open Design Business Models. By Lars Zimmerman.
- Economic Models Around Free Educational Materials 
- Models for Sustainable Open Educational Resources. Stephen Downes 
Open Energy Business Models
The three forms of distributed finance for distributed energy:
- Leasing, e.g. Solar Leasing Financial Model
- Community Power, e.g. Community Solar Financial Model
- Power Purchase Agreements, e.g. Solar Power Purchase Agreements
Open Software Business Models
- Open Core Business Model
- Open Source Business Models
- Open Source Software Service Model
- Open Source Software - Business Aspects
- Open Source Commercialization
Open Hardware Business Models
Open Media Business Models
- Business Models to Support Content Commons
- Open Access Publishing Income Models
- Open Music Business Models
- Open Film Business Models
Crowdsourcing Business Models
Comparative Table: The Logic of the Market versus the Logic of the Commons
What can I sell?Exchange value
What do we need?Use value
|Homo oeconomicus||Homo cooperans|
|It's about resources (allocation).||It's about us.|
|Governance||Market-State||Polycentric / Peer-to-Peer Governance|
|Command (Power, Law, Violence)||Consensus, Free Cooperation, self-organization|
|Social relationships||Centralization of power (monopoly)||
Decentralization of power(autonomy)
|Access to rival resources||Limited by boundaries & rules defined by owner||Limited by boundaries & rules defined by usergroups|
|Access to nonrival resources||Made scarce (to ensure profitability)||Open access (to ensure social equity)|
|Use rights||Granted by owner||Co-decided by user groups|
|For the resources||
Conservation Reproduction & Multiplication
|For the people||Exlusion & Participation||Inclusion & Emancipation|
Open Source is Benefit-Driven, not Revenue-Driven
"That's the bottom line. Open source projects are not products intended to produce revenues. It is a mistake to think of them that way. Open source software is developed in order to satisfy a need, one typically experienced by the developers themselves, and an open source project is not a commodity, it is a community. Yes, people need to earn money in order to live. This is true for every single person that works on open source projects. But making money from the open source product itself is very much the exception, not the rule, and depends on a lot of things falling into place."
- Stephen Downes, , p. 54
Openness requires Sharing
"Business models that employ the word "Open" are really incomplete if they are solely focused on what happens with revenue (even if that focus is related to sharing of revenue).
The part of the model that is unique to each business entity or group is: "what is shared?"
Based on the questions "what is shared?", or "what can be shared?" the business model can evolve per business to include many types of sharing. This is mostly limited to what the participants are *willing* to share together as a group."
- Sam Rose, June 2010
The Beekeeper Model
"The Bee Keeper creates an environment that is attractive for bees: accommodation and a natural, food-rich habitat. The bees do what they do naturally and make honeycombs. The Bee Keeper sells the honey and bees-wax to his customers and uses the money to grow his bee farm."
- James Dixon 
The must-read trilogy with an overview of the literature and experience until 2011 is from Massimo Menichelli:
Two classic essays are:
- Value Derived from Open Source is a Function of Maturity Levels: excellent presentation with many overview tables
- Sustainability of FLOSS-Based economic models presentation by Carlo Daffara which focuses on the role of firms.
- Open Source Software and the Private-Collective Innovation Model. Eric von Hippel and Georg von Krogh
- Quantifying the Value of Open Source Hardware Development. Methods developed by engineer Joshua M. Pearce to calculate the value of designs that can be P2P manufactured using digital technology.
Recommended Resources by Tony Bailetti:
- Open Source is not a Business Model
- Open Source Business Model is "Broken". Really?
- Open Source: The Model is Broken
- Licensing and Business Models
- What Vendors Really Mean by Open Source
- Clarifying Business Models: Origins, Present and Future of the Concept
- New Economic Models, New Software Industry Economy. By RTNL, the French National Network for Software Technologies.
- Economics of open source, at http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/chapters/0262562278chap3.pdf
- Open source as user innovation – von Hippel, at http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/chapters/0262562278chap14.pdf
- Analysis of OS Business models, at http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/chapters/0262562278chap15.pdf
- Allocation of resources in OS mode, http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/chapters/0262562278chap16.pdf
- Open Source as a Business Strategy, by Brian Behlendorf, at http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/opensources/book/brian.html
- Appropriating the Commons: Firms in Open Source Software. Linus Dahlander.
- Open Source and the software industry. How firms do business out of an open innovation paradigm. By Andrea Bonaccorsi, Monica Merito, Cristina Rossi, Lucia Piscitello.
- Mozilla/Apache case studies, at http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/chapters/0262562278chap10.pdf
- Microsoft shared source, http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/chapters/0262562278chap17.pdf
- The Mesh: Why the Future of Business is Sharing Lisa Gansky. Portfolio / Penguin Group, FALL 2010
- What's Mine is Yours: The Rise of Collaborative Consumption, by Rachel Botsman and Roo Rogers (Fall, HarperCollins), 2010
- Philippe Aigrain. Sharing: Culture and the Economy in the Internet Age. Amsterdam Univ. Pr., 2011: "What if we consider that sharing a digitally published work in one's possession with other individuals is a fundamental right? What if we break away from the idea of compensating the entertainment right holders for supposed harms resulting from sharing? What is a reasonable reward and financing model for sustaining a many-to-all cultural society?
- Economic Aspects of Free Software : free course from the Free Technology Academy of the Free Knowledge Institute 
Owen Greaves recommends the following experts on open business models :
1.) Gerd Leonhard – http://www.mediafuturist.com
2.) Glen Hiemstra – http://www.futurist.com
3.) Chris Brogan - http://www.chrisbrogan.com
4.) Olivier Blanchard - http://thebrandbuilder.wordpress.com
5.) Trey Pennington – http://www.treypennington.com
6.) Scott Stratten - http://www.un-marketing.com
7.) Louis Gray – http://www.louisgray.com
8.) Jeff Jarvis – http://www.buzzmachine.com
9.) Chris Anderson – http://www.thelongtail.com (Of Wired Magazine)
10.) Ross dawson – http://rossdawson.com
Key Podcasts / Webcasts
- Mark Shuttleworth on the Business Ecology of Ubuntu
- Business Models for the Commons: Panel at the Wizard of OS 2006 conference: Video  and Audio 
- SXSW Talk on Commons-Based Business Models
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